The latin phrases a priori lit from the earlier and a posteriori lit from the later are philosophical terms of art popularized by immanuel kants critique of pure reason first published in 1781 second edition in 1787 one of the most influential works in the history of philosophy. A priori knowledge in western philosophy since the time of immanuel kant knowledge that is independent of all particular experiences as opposed to a posteriori knowledge which derives from experience. A priori is in contrast to a posteriori which is a term used to indicate inductive reasoning in short something known a priori is known purely through reason while something known a posteriori is determined through empirical evidence. The chapters in this volume aim to advance the discussion of the role of the a priori in philosophy by addressing four sets of issues the first is whether intuitions provide evidence for philosophical theories whether that evidence is a priori and whether the results of experimental philosophy affect the evidential or a priori status of intuitions. Albert casullo and joshua c thurow eds the a priori in philosophy oxford university press 2013 315pp 6500 hbk isbn 9780199695331 reviewed by sinan dogramaci the university of texas at austin this is a valuable collection of thirteen new essays written by some influential senior
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